Studies on Identification of Herba Sarcandra and the Quality of the Medicinal Materials

Abstract: Herba Sarcandra (ZhongJieFeng) in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2000) was used popularly in China and has the efficacy for treating tinea versicolor, purpura, rheumatic arthralgia, traumatic injury and also used to treat cancer nowadays. The source of the raw materials is from the total plant of Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai.In order to identify the Herba Sarcandra from the promiscuous medicinal materials and to evaluate the quality of Herba Sarcandra, several studies on the pharmacognosy of Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai have been conducted. Such as literature delving, plant distribution and custom of drugs-use investigating, morphology and anatomy of this plant and some other close genetic plants, feature observation of the pollen grain, identification of the morphology and microstructure about the medicinal materials, spectrum-Identifica tion, TLC method-identification, hierarchical cluster for the HPLC data and contents mensuration of the total flavone.The results showed as follows:Textual research affirmed the records about Herba Sarcandra in several Bencaological books were correct; and JieGuCao in the Supplement to the Compendium of Materia Medica seems to not the Herba Sarcandra. Some mistakes in contemporary books were corrected.According to investigation in local area and look up the herbarium also with literature, Information about the distribution of Sarcandra glabra in extensive South China was compiled and custom of drugs-use was also showed.Observations on the systemic morphology and stereo-microstructure of Sarcandra glabra indicate great variation, and sometimes characters of S. glabra subsp. glabra and S. glabra subsp. brachystachys appeared on a same plant. Observation of the morphology and microstructure and comparative with close relative species (such as Chloranthus spicatu…
Key words: Herba Sarcandra; pharmacognosy; identification; quality

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